Vancouver, B.C. – BC Children’s Hospital and UBC researchers have found that within four months of an injury, most children have recuperated and enjoy the same quality of life they did before they got hurt.
The research also showed that very few children showed signs of post-traumatic stress disorder.
BC Children’s Hospital and UBC researchers followed 204 children aged 0-16 years treated for injuries at BC Children’s Hospital for one year to study the impact of childhood injury and recovery on health related quality of life. Children and their caregivers completed a baseline survey and three surveys post-injury. These surveys measured health related quality of life (HRQoL), a holistic measure of wellbeing that encompasses physical, psychological and social aspects of health.
“Understandably, many parents worry about the long-term impact of injuries on a child’s wellbeing. Our research has good news. Children are resilient and rebound quickly from injuries, even serious ones,” says Dr. Mariana Brussoni, the senior author of the study in Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. Dr. Brussoni is an Investigator at BC Children’s Hospital, an agency of the Provincial Health Services Authority, an Associate Professor in the Department of Pediatrics and School of Population and Public Health at the University of British Columbia and an Academic Scientist at the BC Injury Research & Prevention Unit.
The researchers found that at four months post-injury, most children’s overall HRQoL score had returned to its baseline level. At one month post-injury, older children and children who were admitted into the hospital had lower HRQoL scores compared to other children in the study; however, these children recovered at a faster rate, and at the four month follow-up their HRQoL scores were comparable to younger children and children who were treated in the emergency room and released.
In Canada, more than 207,000 children are hospitalized for unintentional injuries every year and more than 3.3 million are treated in emergency departments. This work provides reassurance to families and doctors who may worry about the lasting effects of an injury on a child’s emotional health and quality of life.
This study can also inform the debate about the trade-off between the risks and benefits of a physically active lifestyle for children. “Serious injuries from physical and leisure activities are relatively rare,” says Dr. Brussoni. “This research shows that even when children do get injured, they recover quickly. Parents and caregivers should be aware of the possibility of injury and take steps to prevent unnecessary risks, but they need not place excessive limitations on a child’s activities or feel guilty when an injury does occur.”
This research was supported by BC Children’s Hospital Foundation, Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
BC Children’s Hospital Research Institute
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